A Solution for

The GEMINI was originally conceived for use in applications like the front wheel of a bicycle or for solar and battery powered vehicles. In these applications size, power and weight are critical elements that are met by the GEMINI design. The essential need to maximise distance travelled on a single battery charge has been a major impediment for all companies developing battery powered electric vehicles. The GEMINI motor is a quantum leap in solving this problem.

Patented Technology

The GEMINI's patented technology is also applicable in a wide variety of other applications requiring energy efficient motors, such as white-goods, refrigeration, air-conditioning, heavy industry and aerospace.

Energy Savings

The saving of energy and the reduction of exhaust emissions are major goals of governments and vehicle manufacturers throughout the world. From a design perspective, if smaller engines can deliver the same results as larger engines then the GEMINI will radically change the space and weight requirements for motors used in many applications where motor weight and space are important considerations.

Alternative Power Source

Electric motors are a desirable alternative to internal combustion engines widely used in Industry, Agriculture, Domestic Appliances, Aerospace and Transport.. Applications for the GEMINI are widespread; trains, fork lifts, cars, escalators, elevators, pumps, aircraft, air-conditioning, refrigeration, washing machines, dishwashers, ovens, microwaves etc. literally dozens of implements in daily use.

As new discoveries in the properties of permanent magnets, and the direction of their flux lines is understood, it may be that small magnetic motors, which run on the magnetism and configuration of the  permanent magnets will be used to trickle charge batteries to supply the power for automobiles and domestic use.

Announcing the discovery of a new magnet phenomenon, we have all learnt that like magnetic poles repel each other, and that unlike magnetic poles attract each other. This new discovery caught my interest as like many inventors from around the world the thought of making a magnetic motor using permanent magnets, and no electricity or batteries has taken up a lot of my time. I do not use those horrible words, " perpetual motion ", as the source would be a known force, namely magnetism. The discovery in 2002, that there is a particular configuration where two unlike magnetic poles will repel each other, and not the usual attract each other, was made by Mr. Washington Lucero, originally from Colombia South America, but who has lived in New York, U.S.A. for the last 23 years. He described a simple experiment to prove his discovery.

" You require two 1" (25mm) diameter or square magnet, with 0.250" (6mm) thickness with the magnetic flux through the thickness. The experiment works better if neodymium magnets are used. On a shiny smooth flat surface, put one magnet with the "North" pole facing up. Either side of this magnet, and about 6" from the magnet put a pencil. Position a flat ruler across the top of the pencils, over the magnet. Place the second magnet on top of either end of the ruler with the "South" pole facing down. There should be a gap between the bottom magnet and the ruler to allow it to move, Fig.1.

Slowly move the top magnet towards the bottom magnet. You would expect that as opposite magnetic poles attract, the two magnets would come together, but the opposite occurs, the bottom magnet is repelled. Why? Sure if you stop the bottom magnet from moving, there is a point that it will be attracted to the top magnet. In case you are thinking it is the ruler stopping the bottom magnet from flipping, the same experiment works if you place the top magnet on a rubber, no pencils or ruler, and move it towards the bottom magnet, it will initially repel the bottom magnet.

FIG. 2


Fig. 2. shows the magnetic flux lines of the magnets placed in this position. It is now hoped this new discovery with unconventional magnetic properties will get inventors and those who can think outside the square to come up with a practical application for this discovery. Another unconventional discovery is the Halbach array, which is a special arrangements of permanent magnets that increases the magnetic flux field on one side of the device while reducing the magnetic flux field to near zero on the other side.


This effect was first discovered by Mallinson in 1973, but it was not until the 1980s, that the late Klaus Halbach, a physicist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, invented the Halbach array to focus accelerator particle beams. Other applications raging from a refrigerator magnet, industrial applications include the brushless AC motor and magnetic couplings, while high-tech applications such as the wiggler magnets are used in particle accelerators, free electron lasers and the Inductrack maglev, which is a levitating train that requires no power to levitate, only electrical power to move forward. Another recent discovery is the movement of magnetic fluxes in the conventional electric motor. This was explained in the presentation by Mr. Ettridge at the Coil Winding Expo, held at Berlin, Germany.    Mr. Ettridge demonstrated that the experts had got it wrong with the accepted magnetic flux line within the conventional electric motor. His reasoning and with the use of pictures clearly proved his point, it followed this reasoning.

Fig. 1. The conventional accepted magnetic flux paths

Fig.2. The magnetic flux paths as explained by Mr. Ettridge.

Fig.3. The magnetic flux lines with two same magnetic poles facing each other.

Fig.4. The magnetic flux paths and an explanation of why this is correct.

The explanation goes like this, the magnetic flux lines in fig.1 are the normally accepted magnetic flux lines that you will find in text books and computer modelling. They are wrong, and the reasoning is simple to follow. Mr.Ettridge said the lines of magnetic force are as illustrated in Fig.2 , He refers to the picture fig.3 which has two North Magnetic Poles facing each other, separated by metal laminated strips, this has been sprinkled with magnet grindings ( tiny magnets ) It is clear to see that the flux lines radiate from the centre, the two North magnetic poles do not make one big North magnetic pole. With this knowledge, we apply it to Fig.4. The three energized coil poles, are numbered 1-2-3, the permanent magnets in the stator are through magnetized, and have a North magnetic pole on on side, and a South magnetic pole on the adjacent side. The arrows in the centre show the direction the rotor is turning. In energized coil no.1, it has to be a North magnetic pole to be repelled by the North pole permanent magnet. If it is a North magnetic pole on the outside of the energized coil, it has to be a South magnetic pole on the other side of the energized coil ( the centre of the rotor). If we look at energized coil no.2. the outside magnetic pole has to be a North magnetic pole, to be attracted to the South magnetic pole in the permanent magnet in the stator. Again if it is a North magnetic pole on the outside of the energized coil, it has to be a South magnetic at the centre. From the picture fig.3. we know that the magnetic flux lines do not treat the two South magnetic poles at the centre of the rotor as one big South magnetic pole, but in fact the flux line will radiate from between the two South poles, and therefore travel as shown by the arrows. So the North magnetic poles in the rotor are as close as practicable to the permanent magnets in the stator, but the South magnetic poles at the centre of the rotor have to travel through a large air gap, before they react with the permanent magnets in the stator, and would add very little torque to the motor. This explains why the Gemini Electric Motor achieves so much better torque, for a given amount of electric current, simply because each time the energized coil is energized,  it only has an air gap both sides of the energized coil, between the permanent magnets in the stator, not the one in the conventional electric motor.